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Clinic EGO

Impacted Tooth Extraction

Surgical extraction of an impacted tooth is a procedure performed when a tooth is unable to fully erupt and becomes trapped within the jawbone or gums. Impacted teeth can be displaced or fail to erupt for various reasons and may cause damage to surrounding tissues, pain, inflammation, or decay, thereby necessitating extraction.

For surgical extraction of an impacted tooth, an oral surgeon or a dentist who specializes in extractions is generally consulted.

Yes, local anesthesia is typically used to numb the area, ensuring the procedure is comfortable. In some cases, especially with more complex impactions, sedation or general anesthesia may be required.

Ahead of the procedure, inform your dentist about any allergies, current health conditions, medications you are taking, and previous dental surgeries. Since eating and drinking are often discouraged until the anesthesia wears off, it’s advisable to have a meal before the procedure.

After administering suitable anesthesia, an incision is made in the gum tissue to expose the tooth and bone. The tooth is then carefully removed, and the area is sutured to promote healing.

Often, absorbable sutures are used that dissolve over time and do not require removal. However, non-absorbable sutures may also be used in some cases, and these would need to be removed during a follow-up appointment.

Pain medication as recommended by your dentist should be taken to manage discomfort. Cold compresses can help reduce swelling, but hot compresses should be avoided. It’s beneficial to stick to a diet of soft and liquid foods for a few days after the procedure.

Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen are typically recommended. For severe pain, stronger prescription medications may be prescribed, but these should be used responsibly due to their potential for addiction.

Mild bleeding, pain, and swelling are normal following extraction. However, if you experience excessive bleeding or severe pain, you should contact your dentist immediately.

Avoid smoking and alcohol consumption for a period following the procedure, as they can hinder healing and increase the risk of complications.

Implant treatment is not always necessary after the surgical extraction of an impacted tooth, especially if the tooth in question is a wisdom tooth. However, if a tooth that plays a significant role in chewing or aesthetics is removed, a dental implant may be considered to restore function and appearance.